Didn't get the message? Find out why Add to Clipboard. Add to Collections. Order articles. Fetching bibliography My Bibliography Add to Bibliography. Generate a file for use with external citation management software. Create File. Arch Prev Riesgos Labor. Copyright belongs to the Societat Catalana de Salut Laboral. Publication type Publication type English Abstract. Studying emerging risks, their causes and impact on safety and health workers, particularly those derived from new technologies. C Health surveillance 1. Promote more efficient monitoring of health.
Health promotion: promote the culture of healthy behaviour in the workplace. D Prevention management in SMEs 1. Develop tools to facilitate and harmonize preventive management in small businesses regardless of preventive methodologies 2. Promote the integration of prevention in the business processes, especially in SMEs and micro-enterprises.
PhD Adela Milagro Reig Botella
Develop and disseminate tools to facilitate the coordination of business activities. Set up Working Groups in the National Commission on Safety and Health at Work to promote compliance with the objectives and priorities agreed upon in this strategy. Promote the actions of the Foundation for the Prevention of Occupational Hazards. B Enhance collective bargaining to reach agreements: 1.
Promote the inclusion of the corresponding collective bargaining agreements through its Monitoring Committee criteria and guidelines on prevention of occupational hazards. Strengthen the commitment of the workers and employers to comply with the plan of prevention of occupational risks of the enterprise. C Promote the integration of risk prevention in SMEs with greater involvement of employers and workers : 1. Develop sectoral programs that foster greater involvement of employers, workers and their representatives in preventive activities through specific agreements of the parties in the collective bargaining aimed at SMEs and in cross-cutting programs.
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D Encourage the commitment of the company and collaboration of workers to achieve integrated prevention management : 1. Design and implement formulas recognition and incentives to companies that promote collaboration and involvement of workers, through their representatives in the preventive management. E P romote the culture of safety and health in the company : 1.
Promote training in prevention of occupational risks for prevention delegates and middle managers to achieve a dynamic effect on strengthening preventive culture. Promote awareness of employers about the benefits of management leadership in improving working conditions and the importance of a results-oriented prevention policy.
An evaluation of the former strategy has been performed and is published in Spanish  : "The EESST will be monitored through a four-party working group central government, regional governments, employers and trade unions that has been set up as part of the functions of the National Occupational Safety and Health Commission. In accordance with the national strategy, the Autonomous Communities of Spain have also adopted regional OSH strategies.
Those can be seen as political instruments for achieving the overall goals of the national strategy by adapting its provisions to the economic circumstances and labour markets in the different regions . The Foundation was designed to promote improved OSH, particularly in small enterprises. Both organisations are represented on national and regional level.
In addition there are various regional and sectoral organisations. A non-exhaustive list can be found in chapter 5. See also: Social dialogue in OSH. In Spain, sector-based collective negotiation is used to negotiate the creation of specific sector bodies, made up of employers and workers representatives.
Cálculo del retorno de la inversión en seguridad y salud según el nuevo modelo finlandés
They develop programmes designed to raise awareness and inform about the occupational risks in the sector. In accordance with article There are some industry agreements for the whole of Spain, such as those in the construction, banking and chemical industries. Regional-based collective negotiation is used to promote similar programmes among employers, trade unions, and the autonomous regions. Large and medium sized companies will normally have their own agreements, sometimes at plant level, while smaller employers are covered by provincial agreements for their industry.
ETUI reports, that many agreements are made on sectoral level by provincial subdivisions of social partners that cover most of the Spanish companies. However the national government also gave a new option for single company negotiations and agreements . TPC is a certification system for prevention issues for the whole sector. The TPC has been underpinned by the national collective agreement for the construction sector, making it compulsory for workers in all companies covered by the agreement to have the Card by .
It is to be consulted on questions of OSH policy and prevention activities, and should meet quarterly, or whenever one of the two represented parties makes a request . It can issue statements, but it has no decision-making power and cannot make binding agreements. It should be kept informed about prevention campaigns and OSH policies, and have access to all company documentation. Furthermore, it can propose its own ideas and actions plans, and conduct own analyses on OSH in the company.
The safety representatives can also nominate company trade union representatives to participate in the consultation although they cannot vote . The Spanish OSH system is characterised by a number of stakeholders at various levels. While the national Parliament has exclusive power to pass OSH legislation, the Autonomous Communities are responsible for executing these laws. This vertical division of powers influences the policy-making process, as well as the work of the labour inspectorate. The governments of the Autonomous Communities, which have the executive power, have their own authorities.
The National Work Safety and Health Institute INSHT , a specialised State Administrative technical scientific body, is responsible for analysing and studying the conditions of safety and health at work, and for promoting improvements.
The Work and Social Security Inspectorate ensures compliance with the provisions on the prevention of workplace risks . The National Work Safety and Health Commission CNSST , which consists of representatives of the central and regional administrations and of employer organisations and trade unions, advises the public administrations on prevention policies, and is the channel for official involvement in OSH. See also: International comparison of occupations accident insurance systems. It was created in as an autonomous body of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security.
It focuses on analysing, promoting, supporting and improving OSH issues . Its main tasks are:. Four groups of stakeholders are represented in the Commission, representing national authorities, the Autonomous Communities, employers and trade unions. The Commission votes and adopts proposals by majority - the national and regional authorities execute one common vote, while employer representatives and trade unions have one vote each. In this way the Commission can be considered as a tripartite body . As the name already indicates, ITSS does not only supervise safety and health in the companies, it is also responsible for general labour relations and compliance with social security regulations including checking for illegal employment.
The inspectorate has specialists for OSH, employment, and social security . Despite being a national authority, the labour inspectorate is organised in local branches: Each of the 50 provinces has teams of labour inspectors. They follow action plans that are set up by the governments of the Autonomous Communities.
These action plans define priorities as well as inspection goals. In this way, the labour inspectors are able to work with high-risk sectors and companies. Together, the regional plans make up the so-called national programme, which needs the approval of the Sectoral Conference conferencia sectoral.
The labour inspectors also respond to incidents accidents and diseases in the workplace and may impose sanctions in the case of any breach of law. The remit includes issues of individual labour contracts, collective agreements, and social security. Tribunals of first instance are locally organised in the 50 provinces of Spain.
Applications for funding can be presented from national, regional, or sectoral stakeholders, as well as from the authorities or social partners. In the foundation granted It broadly defines preventive actions to be taken in companies, how to fulfil legal duties, and the qualification and approval of preventive services. OSH services. In Spain there are three ways are to fulfil legal OSH and prevention obligations in companies: by internal services, by external services and by so-called collaborative prevention.
Only companies with more than workers or in certain sectors, see Art. Others can opt for external services in accordance to Art.
By far the most popular solution is to delegate OSH issues to external prevention services approx. This solution may be chosen by enterprises that in the same location, sector, commercial area or region. Usually they also act as a consultant for safety and health issues . To gain the accreditation, the prevention services or companies must dispose of specialists for occupational safety, medicine and hygiene, as well as for ergonomics and psycho-social issues. Article 31 of the law on prevention includes provisions for carrying out risk assessments, planning prevention measures, training and health monitoring   ].
In Spain, safety representatives are elected by workers or their representatives. This is also the reason why the safety representative is frequently a member of a trade union, too.
Francisco Diaz Bretones | University of Granada - rugdendnispamond.tk
They are persons of trust for the workers, contact persons for the trade unions in the companies, and they have access to the management. This position enables them to take an active role in negotiating in the interests of workers OSH . They have the right to be informed about prevention policies, and they make up the safety committee together with management delegates in companies with more than 50 employees . The Spanish worker compensation system can be characterised as a hybrid private and public system see also: International comparison of occupations accident insurance systems.
Some sectors are excluded from the general regime, like mining, fisheries and agriculture . In those cases the public system again guarantees the worker compensation. As of December , some 1. Employers must bear all costs of the legal requirements for the protection of employees. The insurance system is financed by employer contributions, and can vary between 0. AMAT is the interest group for the insurance bodies.